Wednesday, February 22, 2006
New Cardinals Announced
What an exciting way to start off this new blog! Today, Pope Benedict announced 15 new Cardinals. Here's the list:
+Archbishop William Levada, Archbishop-emeritus of San Francisco Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
+Archbishop Franc Rode, C.M., Archbishop-emeritus of Ljubljana, Prefect of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life
+Archbishop Agostino Vallini, Bishop-emeritus of Albano, Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura
+Archbishop Jorge Liberato Urosa Savino of Caracas
+Archbishop Gaudencio Rosales of Manila
+Archbishop Jean-Pierre Ricard of Bordeaux
+Archbishop Antonio Canizares Llovera of Toledo
+Archbishop Nicholas Cheong Jin-Suk of Seoul
+Archbishop Sean O'Malley, O.F.M. Cap. of Boston
+Archbishop Stanislaw Dziwisz of Krakow (John Paul's personal secretary and very close friend)
+Archbishop Carlo Caffara of Bologna
+Bishop Joseph Zen Ze-kiun, S.D.B of Hong Kong
In addition to these, the Pope elevated three well respected churchmen. All of the following are over the age of 80 and will therefore never vote in a papal conclave. In a sense, these are honorary appointments:
+Archbishop Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo, the archpriest of the Roman basilica of St. Paul outside the Walls, a veteran Vatican diplomat and member of a noted Italian family.
+Archbishop Peter Poreku Dery, the retired Archbishop of Tamale, Ghana, who is 87.
+Father Albert Vanhoye, the French Jesuit who was rector of the Pontifical Biblical Institue and secretary to the Pontifical Biblical Commision.
For more details go here.
I want to highlight a couple of things here. First, it is interesting that the only non-Bishop on the list is a biblical scholar, Father Albert Vanhoye. Fr. Vanhoye is one of the world experts in scholarship in the book of Hebrews. Notice here Pope Benedict's clear interest in highlighting the importance of biblical studies. In fact, one of the distinctive elements of Cardinal Ratzinger's work is his attempt to do BIBLICAL theology. Catholic theolgoy needs to be bibilcally based. I'll have more to say about this in the future. Suffice it to say, the appointment of Vanhoye reveals two things. First, it indicates that the Pope has great respect for this biblical scholar. Second, it underscores his interest in fulfilling the Second Vatican Council's call for making the study of the Bible ("the study of the sacred page") the "soul of theology" (Dei Verbum, 24).
Also, I think that it is worthy of note that one of the new Cardinals is Archbishop Carlo Caffara of Bologna, the noted moral theologian. Caffara is the founder of the John Paul II Institutes for Marriage and Family. There are two institutes right now - one in Rome and one in Washington, D.C.