The following are taken from the Catechism of the Catholic Church:
CCC 585 On the threshold of his Passion Jesus announced the coming destruction of this splendid building, of which there would not remain "one stone upon another" [Cf. Mt 24:1-2]. By doing so, he announced a sign of the last days, which were to begin with his own Passover [Cf. Mt 24:3; Lk 13:35] [emphasis added]. But this prophecy would be distorted in its telling by false witnesses during his interrogation at the high priest's house, and would be thrown back at him as an insult when he was nailed to the cross [Cf Mk 14:57-58; Mt 27 39-40].
CCC 586 Far from having been hostile to the Temple, where he gave the essential part of his teaching, Jesus was willing to pay the Temple-tax, associating with him Peter, whom he had just made the foundation of his future Church [Cf. Mt 8:4; 16:18; 17:24-27; Lk 17:14; Jn 4:22; 18:20]. He even identified himself with the Temple by presenting himself as God's definitive dwelling-place among men [Cf. Jn 2:21; Mt 12:6]. Therefore his being put to bodily death [Cf. Jn 2:18-22] presaged the destruction of the Temple, which would manifest the dawning of a new age in the history of salvation [emphasis added]: "The hour is coming when neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father" [Jn 4:21; cf. 4:23-24; Mt 27:5; Heb 9:11; Rev 21:22].