Monday, December 13, 2010

Daniel 7 Parallels in Revelation 4-5

Mike Bird just posted on the parallels between Revelation 4-5, which highlight Jesus' divinity in the Apocalypse. Following up on that we might also note several parallels between these two chapters and Daniel 7:

1.    introductory vision phraseology (Dan. 7:9 [cf. Dan. 7:2, 6-7]; Rev. 4:1)
2.    a throne(s) set in heaven (Dan. 7:9; Rev. 4:2, 9)
3.    God is sitting on a throne (Dan. 7:9; Rev. 4:2)
4.    God’s appearance on the throne is described (Dan. 7:9; Rev. 4:3)
5.    there is fire before the throne (Dan. 7:9-10; Rev. 4:5)
6.    servants surround the throne (Dan. 7:10; Rev. 4:4; 6-10; 5:8, 11, 14)
7.    sea imagery is found in both chapters (Dan. 7:2-3; Rev. 4:6). 
8.    book(s) are before the throne (Dan. 7:10; Rev. 5:1ff)
9.    the book(s) opened (Dan. 7:10; Rev. 5:2-5, 9)
10. a divine / messianic figure approaches God’s throne to receive authority to reign forever over a kingdom (Dan. 7:13-14; Rev. 5:5-7, 9, 12-13)
11. the kingdom’s scope is described as encompassing “all peoples, nations, and tongues” (Dan. 7:14; Rev. 5:9)
12. the seer undergoes emotional distress on account of the vision (Dan 7:15; Rev. 5:4)
13. the seer receives heavenly counsel concerning the vision from one of the heavenly servants (Dan. 7:16; Rev. 5:5)
14. The saints are given divine authority to reign over a kingdom (Dan. 7:18, 22, 27; Rev. 5:10)
15. there is a concluding mention of God’s eternal reign (Dan. 7:27; Rev. 5:13-14).[1]


[1] Adapted from G. K. Beale, The Book of Revelation (NIGTC; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998), 314-15.

2 comments:

Victor said...

Indeed. There is also the unique mention of both "ten thousand times ten thousand" and "thousands (of) thousands" that can be found only in Revelation 5 and Daniel.

Revelation 4 draws not only from Daniel but predominantly from Ezekiel's vision of God's chariot in chapter 1. Just like Daniel follows Ezekiel in the canonical sequence, the motifs in Revelation 5 (which draws mostly from Daniel) follow the themes in Revelation 4 (which draws mostly from Ezekiel).

Nick said...

The parallels show the antiquity of the New Testament :)