Wednesday, January 17, 2007

Jesus and the Restoration of the Davidic Kingdom (1.2. Part 2: Qumran)

We know that these prophetic passages and others like them continued to inspire hopes for the restoration of the Davidic kingdom in the first-century. The Amos prophecy played an important role in the eschatological expectations of the Qumran community. Amos 9:11 is found in both CD 7:18-21 and 4Q174 1:10-13, in the later instance it is mentioned along with 2 Sam 7:11-14 and a reference to Isaianic image of “the branch”:

And YHWH de[clares] to you that he will build you a house. I will raise up your seed after you and establish the throne of his kingdom [forev]er. I will be a father to him and he will be a son to me’ [2 Sam 7:12-14]. This (refers to the) ‘branch of David’ who will arise with the Interpreter of the law who [will rise up] in Zi[on in] in the last days, as it is written: ‘I will raise up the hut of David which has fallen.’ [Amos 9:11] This (refers to) the ‘hut of David which has fallen,’ who will arise to save Israel.

We should also note the appearance of the Davidic messiah in 4Q252 5:1-5, which also describes “the branch of David.” There we read that “there will [not] lack someone who sits on the throne of David. For the ‘staff’ is the covenant of royalty…Until the messiah of justice comes, the branch of David” (4Q252 5:2).

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Off topic here, but information on the Pope's new book has been updated. It's pretty big, 416 pages.