Monday, January 29, 2007

Jesus and the Restoration of the Davidic Kingdom (1.2. Part 5: Son of Man & Melchizedekian Hopes)

Other messianic/eschatological passages revolve around a mysterious, transcendent figure such as the Son of Man in Daniel and 1 Enoch or, as in the case of some other sectarian documents found in the Dead Sea library, Melchizedek. These images also testify to the plurality of eschatological programs that circulated in the Second Temple period. However, it should be noted that some scholars believe these works have drawn on royal ideology and Canaanite mythology also used to describe the Davidide in the Psalms.[1] We might also mention that the Davidic King is clearly associated with Melchizedek in Psalm 110. In much later apocalyptic works Davidic imagery is clearly found merged with the transcendental visions. One such work, 4 Ezra, describes the Messiah as God’s son (7:28), a descendant of David (12:31-32). Much more could be said here—for example, note that Daniel himself is said to be “of the royal family and of the nobility” (Dan 1:3). Whenever the book is to be dated, it is clear that it is supposed to be read as a booking from sixth century. In light of all this, it is hard to imagine that the intended readers would not have drawn the conclusion that Daniel himself was in some sense linked with the house of David.[2]
[1] Collins, The Scepter, 36-7; Laato, A Star, 248; Strauss, Davidic Messiah, 46-47.
[2] So much more could be said here. Compare for example David’s language of the kingdom in 1 Chronicles 29:11-12 (“Thine, O LORD, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty; for all that is in the heavens and in the earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, O LORD, and thou art exalted as head above all. Both riches and honor come from thee, and thou rulest over all. In thy hand are power and might; and in thy hand it is to make great and to give strength to all”) to language in Daniel concerning the kingdom. See for example Daniel 2:20-21, 37: Daniel said: "Blessed be the name of God for ever and ever. to whom belong wisdom and might. [21] He changes times and seasons; he removes kings and sets up kings;he gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding… 37 You, O king, the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, and the might, and the glory”
Continue to the next post in this series...
Complete outline (with links) of "Jesus and the Restoration of the Kingdom" series


Anonymous said...

The cover says it all.

scottwhahn said...

Prof. Barber,
Congratulations on your recent engagement. What an amazing woman is your future bride, Kimberly Gilmore! The two of you will certainly make a wonderful couple -- of "Fuller Catholics"!

DimBulb said...

I don't know if you are aware of it but Dr. Philip Blosser has started a new blog entitled THE JESUS SEMINAR CRITICALLY EXAMINED. Thought you might like to know.

DimBulb said...

Oh, congrats on the engagement.