Tuesday, March 06, 2007

Jesus and the Restoration of the Davidic Kingdom (2.1.3. David & Israel's Vocation)

David not only completes the conquest and fulfills the Deuteronomic prescription for the temple, he also embodies the vocation Israel received at Sinai to be a “royal” and “priestly” nation (Exod 19:6) (cf. David's role as priest at the end of the last post in this series). Dumbrell concludes that “in the person of the king, the covenant demand contemplated for Israel in Ex. 19:3b-6, has been embodied. . .”[1] This “embodiment” is also reflected in the fact that the Davidic king is described as “the son of God” (2 Sam 7:14; 1 Chr 17:13; Ps 2:7; 89:26)—which also describes Israel’s relationship with God (Exod 4:22; Isa 1:2; Hos 11:1).[2]

In all of this we see how God’s promise to establish the Kingdom of David involved the partial fulfillment of other covenant traditions. God’s plans for the Abrahamic and Mosaic covenants are partially realized through David. The important role of the Davidic covenant was not overlooked in the first century either, as we saw in the last section. God’s covenant with David was also important because, whereas God’s covenant at Sinai had been given conditionally, through the covenant with David God committed himself unconditionally to David. “In one sweeping assurance, the conditional ‘if’ of the Mosaic Torah (Exod 19:5-6) is overridden and David is made a vehicle and carrier of Yahweh’s unqualified grace in Israel.”[3] After Israel is taken away into exile, this promise serves a primary role in restoration hopes (cf. Ps. 89; Jer 33:25).
[1] W. J. Dumbrell, “The Davidic Covenant,” Reformed Theological Review 39 (1980), 46.
[2] Hahn, Kinship, 359: “[T]he king’s divine sonship may be seen as the perfection of the nation’s.”
[3] Brueggemann, Theology of the Old Testament, 605.


Chris Tilling said...

This is an excellent and helpful series, thanks for the work you are doing.

J. B. Hood said...


ditto what Chris said. Great stuff. I love the David-Abraham connection.

Do you have a fuller reference to the Hahn, Kinship text you reference here?

J. B. Hood said...

Cancel that request, I found it on your site through Google's site search feature. But now the big question--do you know how to get a hold of a copy of this!??

Michael Barber said...

This is an AMAZING piece of scholarship--I can't recommend it highly enough. It will soon be published through a major academic publishing house. Right now it is available through UMI Dissertation services. I would urge you to contact the Saint Paul Center for a copy:
Tell them Michael Barber sent you...