Monday, September 17, 2007

Jesus and the Restoration of the Davidic Kingdom (3.1.5. Conclusion)

In sum, Jesus’ ministry involved the preaching of the Kingdom of God, which for many in his day implied the restored kingdom of David—the two ideas were intricately linked. In fact, although “kingdom of God” never occurs in the Old Testament, it is important to note that the Davidic kingdom is expressly referred to as “the kingdom of the Lord” (1 Chr 28:5; 2 Chr 13:8). In addition, Solomon is said to have sat “on the throne of the Lord” (1 Chr 29:23). For a Jewish eschatological figure described as Jesus—identified as “the Son of God” and “the Son of David,” cleansing the temple, speaking in northern and southern regions of Judah, concerning himself with Gentiles, symbolically acting in the temple, entering Jerusalem on a donkey—to preach the Kingdom of God, meant in some way the restored Kingdom of David.

Continue to the next post in this series...

Complete outline (with links) of first two parts of "Jesus and the Restoration of the Kingdom" series


Educator-To-Be said...

This is a beautiful, beautiful site. Thank you. Amy

Anonymous said...


I am wondering if you are going to turn this series into a scholarly monograph. I have intentions of doing something similiar in the future--not as near as I once thought now with my twins--but I wonder if it will be necessary if you are going to write such a piece. Perhaps I should put my efforts elsewhere.

I hope you are well; I am sorry I will not be in San Diego for SBL this year. I am helping with the twin newborns.

Michael Barber said...


Yes I absolutely am! A lot of this will be in my dissertation, but I'm already preparing stuff for a book after it is published called [tentatively], "Son of David, Son of Man: Jesus, the Kingdom and the Church."

Recently, however, I've also been thinking about writing a book on the nature of the Gospels--it seems people like Burridge, Bauckham and Byrskog have great things to say, but no one is applying their work to Jesus studies or pulling their insights together. In order to make any advances in Jesus research, I think we need to get pass the present "criteria" impasse.

But PLEASE do not think about focusing your efforts elsewhere. If we want to really want to impact the academia on this it is only going to work if more than one person is working towards it.

So sorry to hear you're not coming to SBL, but, of course, that's totally understandable!

God bless you and your young family...

Anonymous said...

Thanks Michael for your reply; I am particiularly interested in the place of the Land promise in Davidic messianism. Have you thought much about what might be called the kingdom-land motif?

Also, my Matthew book will be out very soon. Perhaps by the end of this month or early Decemeber.

I wish to encourage you about the project that deals with the Gospels and historical Jesus study. I think that Burridge has cleared the deck of the old assumptions about the gospels as witnesses.

By the way, what is your dissertation's topic?

Michael Barber said...


Yes, the Kingdom and the Land! Very important stuff there--particularly (in my mind) linking David with the promises to Abraham, the Deuteronomic provision for the sanctuary and the conquest. I would love to talk to you more about this and hear more of your thoughts. I'm sure I would learn a lot from you!

I'm SO glad to hear that you're aware of Burridge. I can't wait to read your book--do you get into genre stuff there? Actually, your book is probably the work I am most eagerly waiting to read. I just finished Michael Bird's and loved it. And yet I think you and I probably have even more in common!

My dissertation is on The Historical Jesus, the Synoptic Gospels and liturgical (or sacramental) eschatology. I want to look at the way ancient Judaism linked the cult to eschatology and I want to show how Jesus' message should be understood in that light.

A particularly important theme for me therefore is David, who was seen as co-cult founder and liturgical leader of Israel (e.g., his connection with the temple, the "bread of the presence", the priesthood, the thanksgiving sacrifice, etc.).

In fact, check out 1 Chron. 13 and you'll see two fascinating things there: the Davidic Kingdom is described as "the Kingdom of the Lord" and it is distinguished from the rebel northern kingdom of Israel primarily through its identification with the cult.

Anyways, I could go on and on, but I'm sure you get the gist of where I am going with all of this (e.g., the implications for Jesus' "Kingdom" proclamation, Ps 110 and Melchizedek associations, his role in establishing the eschatological Temple, his appointment of the apostles as new priests and Peter as the chief steward over the house [cf. Isa 22, 1 Chron 9:27, etc.] and so on and so forth).

By the way, have you read Scott Hahn's paper on Luke 22?

Oh, and one more thing? Who wrote Matthew and when? (You can email me if you'd like: mpsbarber[at]